What Exactly is Cannabidiol, or CBD?



What is CBD? What is Cannabidiol?

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TLDR: CBD, or cannabidiol, is one of many phytocannabinoids within cannabis. People use it for the many potential health benefits it offers.

Cannabidiol, also known as CBD, is found in the cannabis plant species (marijuana or hemp). CBD products help offer a form a relief for people with symptoms like chronic pain, depression, insomnia, overthinking, and anxiety attacks.

First of all, what is CBD?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid found in cannabis plants. Both hemp and marijuana make up the cannabis plant.

The term phytocannabinoid simply means ‘plant chemical.’ It’s one of approximately 124 known cannabinoids. There are likely more, we just haven’t isolated them and studied them – yet.

Most people have heard of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Both CBD and THC are different cannabinoids. While THC is highly psychoactive (making you get high if you consume it), CBD oil is 100% non-intoxicating.

The health benefits of CBD are undeniable. By taking CBD products, like CBD oil or gummies, our bodies can utilize the benefits of CBD, and all of the compounds that go along with it.

Did you know there is a system in our bodies that utilizes cannabinoids, like CBD? It is called the endocannabinoid system. It is a recently discovered system in our bodies that researchers still don’t know much about.

Recently, scientists and health specialists found out that it affects a few significant cycles in our body like hunger, mood swings, the way we rest, and other functions.

This system is composed of three parts:

1. the CB receptors
2. endocannabinoids
3. enzymes

All of these parts are working 24/7 – regardless of whether you use CBD products or not.

Recognizing the impacts of CBD oil includes inspecting, and then classifying, the connections between the CB receptors and the endocannabinoids.

CB receptors are found throughout our bodies. It is where the endocannabinoids initially bind. They are classified as CB1 and CB2 receptors. While we think there might be more than two receptors, these are the only two we’ve found so far.

The CB1 receptors mainly focus on the focal sensory system in our body. CB1 receptors are responsible for overseeing mood swings, memory loss, hunger, body coordination, and state of mind. The CB2 receptors are responsible for influencing pain and irritation.

According to researchers from multiple scientists, CBD doesn’t directly combine with the CB receptors, but it does impact it somehow. Some research thinks CBD interacts with an undiscovered receptor.

The enzymes show up in different structures, but only two kinds of proteins separate the endocannabinoids.

The process that includes how enzymes work is extremely complicated, so I made this little picture above to help give you an idea of what goes on.

After all of the above happens, your body will see the results of taking CBD oil in the form of different health benefits.

CBD oil effectively offers health benefits for anxiety, stress, depression, chronic pain, and inflammation. It proved to work in treating persons with epilepsy, too.

CBD also plays a significant role in terms of pain relief. When the CBD molecule reaches the transient receptor potential cation channel member 1 (TrpV1), it successfully obstructs the pain signals before it spreads throughout our bodies.

Remember, you should intake CBD in moderation, especially when starting out. Check out our guide on dosing CBD if you need more guidance in this area.

CBD oil is safe when you take it by mouth as long as you follow your doctor’s prescribed doses prescribed to you. The side effects of CBD oil include dizziness, fatigue, dry mouth, and feeling sleepy during the daytime.

Thankfully, these side effects come mainly from taking too much CBD oil. Remember, start off with the lowest effective dose to see health benefits, and work your way up from there.

Read more in the blog…

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